What are the fields under industrial design?

industrial design
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Everything you purchase, from the bed you sleep on to bottled water, has been designed by an industrial designer. It has been developed to meet your functional requirements, aesthetic preferences, and financial constraints. Since the Stone Age, industrial designers have shaped and specified objects. Industrial design is determined by the goods it governs. Each product type necessitates a unique set of factors, technical expertise, and methods. The following resource summarises some of the most significant divides in the area and gives some broad guidance on specifying.

Product design

Because product design is the greatest subdivision of industrial design, it is not a true specialty. The skills required for this field will be addressed in great detail by any advanced degree in industrial design that you may attend. As an undergraduate, taking sketching, painting classes, and art history will lay a solid basis for your future studies. Additionally, if you can secure a summer internship or a part-time job in a design firm, you will significantly advance your career prospects.

Toy design

Toy design entails a distinct set of factors that distinguishes it from other services and products. Children don’t perceive the world as adults do, and they have their own set of standards for the features, shapes, and purposes of the things they use to occupy themselves. Consideration of play is probably the most noticeable distinction in the sort of thought that a toy designer would employ. Take sculpting, pottery, drawing, painting, and drafting studies as an undergraduate to prepare for a career as a toy designer. Additionally, it is beneficial to take woodshop and family or consumer science.

Automobile design

Automotive design team experts collaborate with huge teams of designers, engineers, and market researchers to create specifications for tomorrow’s cars. Designers can pursue one of two careers’ paths: vehicle stylist or design engineer. Stylists sketch and redraw possible vehicle exterior and interior ideas. They begin with clay models and progress to plaster and eventually fibreglass. Under the hood, design engineers develop specs and parts.


Additionally, they examine hundreds of computer-aided renderings, sketches, and detailed drawings. Finally, designs will be subjected to a battery of computer testing to see how they will perform under extreme stress and typical operating circumstances. Students can prepare by enrolling in drawing, painting, design, drafting, automobile repair, and art history.

Ergonomic design

Ergonomists and human-centred design teams collaborate on projects that reimagine products more suitable for the human body’s natural inclinations. A case in point is human-centred design. Ergonomists may be beneficial in a range of situations, including the design of furniture and computers. Typically, a master’s degree in biology, psychology, history, mathematics, climate science, or writing is necessary.

Furniture design

As the name indicates, furniture designers employ their abilities to develop designs for dining sets, bedroom sets, couches, and other items of furniture. This includes balancing pragmatic, aesthetic, and comfort considerations to produce usable yet beautiful furniture. Additionally, furniture designers may specialise in a certain type of furniture or a particular style of furniture, such as modern or vintage.

While the design process is referred to as ‘artistic,’ it incorporates several analytical approaches. Nevertheless, many industrial designers frequently employ several design methods during their creative process. User analysis, comparative product research, drawing, model construction, testing, and prototyping are all commonly utilised approaches. Industrial designers and other members of the team are uniquely qualified to explain these processes.


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