Myopia, or frequent nearsightedness, causes one to have good vision up close but hazy at farther distances. Because of how your eye is shaped, light rays bend in the wrong way. This makes pictures focus in front of your retina instead of directly on it.
A person’s nearsightedness might deteriorate with time, especially when young. Myopia control is the term used to describe the measures taken by medical professionals and parents to limit the growth of myopia in children. Stopping children from getting myopia has many benefits beyond keeping the condition from getting worse. Managing their myopia can reduce their chances of developing major eye problems.
Corneal refractive treatment (CRT), orthokeratology, atropine eye drops, distance-centred multifocal contact lenses, and, in rare circumstances, bifocals or multifocal, are the four most common methods for reducing the effects of myopia. Optometrists around the country customise their treatments for each patient depending on their age, prescription, and unique needs.
Inhibiting myopia progression is possible using specific contact and eyeglass lenses, as demonstrated by several scientific studies. Using ortho-K lenses, distance-centre bifocal contact lenses, or bifocal glasses, which have all been the subject of randomised, controlled research with peer review, can slow or stop myopia from worsening. The myopia control specialist you choose will tailor treatment to your child’s prescription and way of life to stop myopia from getting worse.
In orthokeratology (CRT or OrthoK), medical devices that look like contact lenses are put on the eyes and left there overnight. Overnight, the cornea, or surface of the eye, is gently pressed against a mould, producing “lens-like” effects. Users can see clearly during the day without corrective lenses because the effects last a long time. The fantastic results mean people can play sports, swim, and do other things they love without wearing glasses or traditional contact lenses. Several randomised, controlled, and long-term studies have shown that orthokeratology is an effective way to slow or even stop myopia from worsening.
Distance Multifocal Soft Contact Lenses with a Central Distance Focus
Center of Distant Wearing multifocal soft contact lenses is the same as wearing a single-focus pair. Several studies have demonstrated that a central optical “trick” in the lens can reduce the rate of myopia development. This strategy is becoming increasingly common. Only two Several manufacturers produce these lenses as of this writing. Talking to your doctor might help you determine which brand is most appropriate for your needs.
Several studies have shown that Atropine, which may be used as an eye drop or an ointment, can slow the development of myopia. Atropine therapy involves using an eyedrop once a day, often repeated as long as myopia worsens. It’s not a miracle cure, but it has helped many people keep their myopia under control, and we might use it with bifocal glasses for even better results. Studies have shown that Pirenzepine works like Atropine, but it is not yet available to the public. Dopamine is another chemical that has been investigated, but its application has so far proved impractical that it is rarely put into practice.
Glasses with a Bifocal or Multifocal Lens
There is evidence that wearing glasses with a varied prescription for distance and near helps some children with a condition known as esophoria, which affects the alignment of the eye muscles. Bifocal and multifocal lens designs are commonly used to accomplish this. Some research has found that bifocals with the dividing line at the lower edge of the pupil are more effective; hence, this design is often used. The procedure has been proven effective in specific trials, making it an attractive option for parents whose children suffer from eczema but are either too young to wear contacts or are allergic to eye drops.